When it comes to bond investing, most people are only familiar with one type of bond. That type being savings bonds. Savings bonds are often given to younger individuals to help pay for future educational expenses like college. While savings bonds are great, there are other types of bonds that are far more attractive. You can make money investing in bonds. Let’s take a look at two types of bonds that are popular with long term investors.
First up are Treasury bonds. Treasury bonds were designed for serious investors. They are long term government securities that have a maturity date of at least 10 years. The longest Treasury security has 30 years until maturity. They pay interest every six months and are sold in lots of $1,000. These bonds are most attractive when interest rates are very high. Treasury bonds are great for locking in a high rate of interest for an extended time. You can currently purchase a 30-year treasury bond yielding 4.5%.
Here’s how it works.
Let’s say you purchased a 10-year bond for $1,000 with a 5 percent interest rate. You will receive an interest payment of $25 every six months. These payments will continue for 10 years. After the 10th year, you would redeem the bonds and receive your full $1,000 investment back.
The great thing about bonds is that they allow you to have a fixed income stream. Every six months, you know that you will be receiving a payment. An added bonus is that you can always sell the bond to another investor if you choose to.
My favorite types of bonds are corporate bonds. Corporate bonds are debt securities that are issued by an individual company. Companies like Coca Cola and Pepsi issue corporate bonds for a variety of reasons. They can be used to finance expansion, raise cash, or retire higher interest debt. Corporate bonds can be purchased in blocks of $1,000 and pay interest semiannually. The maturity date of corporate bonds can vary greatly. Some bonds mature in as little as a year, while others can be held as long as 30 years.
Corporate bonds are known for their higher interest rates. They are rated from AAA to F. A bond with a higher rating pays a lower interest rate than a bond with a higher interest rate. They are priced and listed on major exchanges. Bond prices rise as market interest rates fall, and bond prices fall as interest rates rise.
Corporate bonds have a greater risk than many types of bonds because the individual company backs the bonds. Therefore the interest rates offered on corporate bonds are much higher than other bonds. Corporate bonds are rated based upon the financial strength of the company. Bonds are rated by Moody’s and Standard and Poor’s. Bonds of the highest quality will receive an AAA rating, whereas bonds of lower quality will receive a CCC or D rating. Corporate bonds can be purchased through a stockbroker or simply by visiting the company’s website.
Mark Riddix is the founder and president of New Horizons Financial Management, an independent investment advisory firm that provides personalized investing and asset management consulting. Mark is a regular contributor to Seeking Alpha and has written financial columns for Baltimore and Washington, D.C. area newspapers.