When it comes to bond investing, most people are only familiar with one type of bond. That type being savings bonds. Savings bonds are often given to younger individuals to help pay for future educational expenses like college. While savings bonds are great, there are other types of bonds that are far more attractive. You can make money investing in bonds. Let’s take a look at 2 types of bonds that are popular with long term investors.
First up are Treasury bonds. Treasury bonds were designed for serious investors. They are long term government securities that have a maturity date of at least 10 years. The longest Treasury security has 30 years until maturity. They pay interest every six months and are sold in lots of $1,000 dollars. These bonds are most attractive when interest rates are very high. Treasury bonds are great for locking in a high rate of interest for an extended time period of time. You can currently purchase a 30 year treasury bond yielding 4.5%.
Here’s how it works.
Let’s say you purchased a 10 year bond for $1000 with a 5 percent interest rate. You will receive an interest payment of $25 every 6 months. These payments will continue for 10 years. After the 10th year, you would redeem the bonds and receive your full $1,000 investment back.
The great thing about bonds is that they allow you to have a fixed income stream. Every 6 months, you know that you will be receiving a payment. An added bonus is that you can always sell the bond to another investor if you choose to.
My favorite types of bonds are corporate bonds. Corporate bonds are debt securities that are issued by an individual company. Companies like Coca Cola and Pepsi issue corporate bonds for a variety of reasons. They can be used to finance expansion, raise cash, or retire higher interest debt. Corporate bonds can be purchased in blocks of $1,000 and pay interest semiannually. The maturity date of corporate bonds can vary greatly. Some bonds mature in as little as a year, while others can be held as long as 30 years.
Corporate bonds are known for their higher interest rates and are rated from AAA to F. A bond with a higher rating pays a lower interest rate than a bond with a higher interest rate. They are priced and listed on major exchanges. Bond prices rise as market interest rates fall and bond prices fall as interest rates rise.
Corporate bonds have greater risk than many types of bonds because the bonds are backed by the individual company. Therefore the interest rates offered on corporate bonds are much higher than other bonds. Corporate bonds are rated based upon the financial strength of the company. Bonds are rated by Moody’s and Standard and Poor’s. Bonds of the highest quality will receive an AAA rating. Whereas bonds of lower quality will receive a CCC or D rating. Corporate bonds can be purchased through a stock broker or simply by visiting the company’s website.
In my opinion bonds are great for both young and old investors. The dividend payments provide a consistent income stream and the asset class itself provides diversification outside of equities.